Our spines are made up of vertebrae; small bones located in the spine that are separated by spinal discs. Spinal discs have a strong exterior layer and contain a soft jelly-like fluid inside them. This soft interior creates a “sponginess” which can absorb impact and force for the spinal column, while the disc is protected by it’s tough exterior making the disc durable. The discs provide cushion and allow the vertebrae flexibility within the spinal column.
When the spinal disc becomes compromised they become inflamed and swell out, putting pressure on the nerves around the spinal cord. This is known as a slipped or bulging disc and the condition causes pain and discomfort around the back. If the condition of the disc gets worse, the discs can often burst creating a herniation. When the disc becomes herniated it can begin to seep out of the spinal column placing pressure on nearby nerves resulting in pain. This pain is often felt associated with numbness and weakness in the arms, legs or neck.
In some cases people with herniated discs can be unaware of the condition without feeling much pain, but most herniated discs are painful. The most common signs and symptoms are listed below:
Many patients can have trouble finding the root cause of their pain condition, which is why it is important to contact a pain management expert to properly identify the pain. Once the source of the pain has been determined, proper treatment can be applied. Some common causes of herniated disc are:
The back is an extremely strong muscle, but can also be very delicate. Improper care of the back, injury and lack of proper treatment after injury can lead to life-long pain conditions. To help avoid serious back conditions, patients should take care of their backs and be mindful of posture. Exercises can help strengthen the back muscles. If something does not feel right in the back, it is important to apply ice to the affected area and rest if the back becomes sore or injured.
Disc herniation is a serious condition. Contact Health Star Clinic to ensure the best possible treatment plan!